What is Internet Neutrality?
For those who have at least once searched for terms such as internet providers in my area on Google it is probably easier to comprehend what internet neutrality or just net neutrality means.
The term can be interpreted as a basic principle and also defines internet services regulations or rules in order to provide freedom of information exchange, promote competition and innovation for this field, besides keeping standardization of data transmission.
Other than playing fair pricing and offers on the ISPs market, neutrality also plays a major influence on how providers deal with data transferences. This means they are led to treat each piece of information that travels from one point to another equally, so they do not boost the speed or quality of a specific client for commercial reasons. This way, internet connections will not be used to privilege individuals or brands directly.
The FCC us an independent federal agency of the U.S. that since 1934 work to regulate interstate and international communications by radio, television, wire, satellite and cable, being responsible for “implementing and enforcing America’s Communications law and regulations”.
Therefore, it works on a big sphere that includes both urban and rural areas, both phone services and all types of internet, and also newness of the telecom market such as streaming, 5g and fixed wireless.
Net neutrality rules were implemented by the Federal Communications Commission in 2015 during Barack Obama’s presidency. This change has played a deep impact not only on the American citizen but on others too (not no say all of them), as the influence of the government on the internet typically changes the way other countries deal with this relationship on their own territory.
Internet governance has changed in a major way, and the network market as well. In the United States this principle has been active since the 1900s. Each day more, the carrier’s competition increases and consumers compare the internet with even more factors playing important roles in the decision-making process.
Free access and zero-rating, free expression, digital divide, community and municipal broadbands, and many other topics are part of a huge universe that builds up the internet neutrality debate overall. Therefore, computer science, marketing, consumer advocated, human rights and other big scientific and social fields are involved in this debate.
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